Psychologists study the cognitive, emotional, and social aspects of behaviour. They provide services in a range of settings including hospitals, clinics, schools, and private practices.
Health psychologists specialise in understanding the effects of psychological factors related to health and illness. They use evidence-based interventions such as cognitive behavioural therapy to help people adjust to acute, chronic, or complex medical conditions; and also assist people with mental illness.
Clients can range across all ages from preschool to the older Australian. Areas of practice include:
- Clinical neuropsychology
- Clinical psychology
- Community psychology
- Counselling psychology
- Educational and developmental psychology
- Forensic psychology
- Health psychology
- Organisational psychology, and
- Sports and exercise psychology
Their role includes:
- Working with medical practitioners and other health care professionals to implement patient programs to promote health, prevent illness and to facilitate chronic disease self-management
- Working with individuals to make lifestyle changes to maximise health and functional outcomes
- Addressing emotional and behavioural factors related to adjustment to chronic conditions or injury
- Helping patients with life-threatening conditions to manage pain, cope with medical interventions and the side effects of interventions
- Assisting individuals to adhere to treatment regimens
- Providing support to patient’s families and carers.